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3,000-year-old Chinese Tombs Contain Buried 'Volunteers'

January 19, 2022
Shang Dynasty tomb remains Archaeologists have found two dozen tombs dating to 3,000 years ago. Among the remains were people and horses that appeared to have been buried alive. The tombs are in ruins of Yin, the capital city of the ancient Shang dynasty, the first dynasty supported by archaeological evidence. The site is in the modern city of Anyang, in Henan province. In the tomb complex are a number of pits in which were found war chariots and the remains of both horses and soldiers. Found with the animal and human remains were evidence of great wealth bestowed on them, in the form of gold veneer on the horses' foreheads and decorate, expensive hats on the warriors' heads.

Remains of Roman Settlement, Large Road Found in English Field
January 11, 2022
Roman settlement Blackgrounds Archaeologists working on the future home of a high-speed railway in England have unearthed the remains of a large Roman trading settlement. The site is known as Blackgrounds because of the color of the soil. It is in a field near what is now Chipping Warden, on the Northamptonshire-Oxfordshire border, but thrived under Roman rule during the 1st Century. An Iron Age village rested on the site 400 years before that, as evidenced by the discovery of nearly three dozen roundhouses and a road dating to that time. Dominating the settlement was a Roman road 10 meters in width–nearly triple the usual width. Archaeologists said that the settlement must have been a trading center. Also found were kilns, workshops, glasswork, pottery, jewelry, and a few hundred Roman coins. Although the overall color of the soil is dark, archaeologists found some areas of soil the color of fire and concluded that it was the site of occupations that required burning, such as metalwork or breadmaking. Other evidence of commerce included the discovery of traces of galena, a mineral used for face makeup.

Double Sprinkles Flavor Oreo's 110th Anniversary Release
January 11, 2022
Oreo 110 Oreo is marking a special occasion with a special cookie flavor. Chocolate Confetti Cake Oreos will have two layers of filling. Sprinkles will dot the traditional creme flavor; the other layer will be chocolate creme. As well, the outer cookie layers will feature sprinklers. Mondelez, the company that owns the Oreo brand, said that it was releasing the special flavor for a limited time and that the occasion was the 110th anniversary of the first sale, which took place on March 6, 1912, when the National Biscuit Company (Nabisco) sold Oreos to a Hoboken, N.J., grocery store.

It's a Bus, It's a Train, It's Both
January 6, 2022
Dual-Mode Vehicle A Japanese railway company has rolled out a bus-train hybrid vehicle to transport passengers on roads and railways. The Dual-Mode Vehicles (DMVs) first operated in Kaiyo in late December 2021, as a DMV in bus mode picked up 18 passengers and then changed to train mode in order to make the journey from southern Tokushima Prefecture to eastern Kochi Prefecture. The diesel-powered vehicle looks like a bus, rolling on normal rubber tires while traveling on the road. In that mode, the steel train wheels rest inside the vehicle's undercarriage. Making the switch to train mode requires just 15 seconds. Top speed on roads is 62 mph; top speed on the rails is 37 mph. Maximum capacity per vehicle is 21 passengers.

Giant Kite Powers Cargo Ship Across Atlantic
January 4, 2022
Cargo ship kite sail Now powering the progress of a massive cargo ship across the Atlantic: wind. The French company Airseas has launched a 50,000-ton cargo ship on a series of transatlantic journeys in order to test the efficacy of a large kite system that harnesses wind power as fuel for the ship. A 505-foot-long cargo ship named Ville de Bordeaux left the Brittany coast on Dec. 14, 2021, to begin a six-month trek going back and forth between Europe and North America, delivering aircraft components between France and the United States.

Dutch Dig Unearths Roman Fort Tied to British Invasion
January 3, 2022
Roman fort Velsen Archaeologists have found a fort thought to be a launching point for the Roman invasion of Britain in the 1st Century. The Roman emperor Caligula ordered construction of the fort, part of a fortified camp in what is now the Netherlands. That emperor didn't have success in Britain, but Claudius, his successor, certainly did. Roman forces built the fortified camp in Flevum (Velsen) 20 miles from what is now Amsterdam, on the banks of the Oer-IJ, a branch of the River Rhine. Dutch archaeologist Arjen Bosman and others found wooden planks dating to 42, solidifying a long-held theory that such a fort existed there.

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David White