Ancient Middle East


Mesopotamia was the setting for many ancient civilizations, including Sumeria, Babylon, and Israel. Find out all about these civilizations and much more.

An Introduction to the Ancient Middle East
Follow the rise and fall of several famous civilizations, from the Sumerians to the Persians. This fun, illustrated article examines each of the major peoples who lived in the Middle East in ancient times. Check out the cool timeline.

Religion in the Ancient Middle East
See how the major peoples of the ancient Middle East worshipped. You can see also how revolutionary the Hebrew religion really was.

Ancient Middle East Glossary
See the people, places, and things of the ancient Middle East come alive! Learn more about Mesopotamia, Assyria, and Israel.

Maps of the Ancient Middle East
Understand this place and time better by viewing maps!

Famous People of the Ancient Middle East Dropdown Menu
Choose a famous person listed here to find out more about him or her and his or her times.

Sumerians: First at Many Things
Ancient Sumeria was advanced beyond belief. Their achievements in agriculture, literature, business, and science are unparalleled in that time period. Unfortunately for them (and for us), their achievements in military matters left a little to be desired.

The Hour in Ancient Babylon
The ancient Babylonians wanted to keep track of time, so they invented the sundial to help them do it. And they also divided the day into "hours." However, the hour wasn't always 60 minutes. Find out why.

The Story of Ancient Israel
Maps, timelines, analysis–it's all here.

Ancient Egypt
The Pyramids, the Sphinx, the Pharaohs, Cleopatra, Alexandria--all these things come alive in this study of the ancient civilization along the Nile.

Wars in the Ancient Middle East
The history of the Middle East is filled with wars, especially in ancient times. This site examine the geographical, religious, and other causes of these wars.

Hammurabi was an Amorite king who ruled much of Mesopotamia for a time and is famous for his famous set of laws, the Code of Hammurabi.

Nebuchadnezzar was a Chaldean king who ruled much of Mesopotamia for a time. He also had built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World.

Beautiful Babylon: Jewel of the Ancient World
One of the most famous names in ancient times, Babylon was ruled by a succession of leaders and civilizations.
Daily Life of Mesopotamian Commoners
The common people far outnumbered the kings and elites.

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Social Studies for Kids
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David White