An Introduction to Ancient Greece

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Part 3: Religion

Another famous city-state was Olympia, which had the Olympics, great athletic contests that soldiers and others took part in, even during wars.

Delphi, another city-state, had the Oracle, a religious temple that answered questions in a vague sort of way.

The Greek religion was based on the worship of nature and of a group of superhuman Gods and Goddesses. The most powerful and famous of these was Zeus. Other famous gods and goddesses were Apollo, Aphrodite, Athena, Hades, and Poseidon. The Greeks told all kinds of fanciful tales about these gods and goddesses. Many times, they interacted with people. Other times, they did great or terrible things on their own.

The Greeks had many religious festivals. The Olympics were actually a religious festival dedicated to the great god Zeus. Another great festival was the City Dionysia, which included the performance of plays. The Greeks invented comedy and drama. Great play authors included Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, and Aristophanes.

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David White