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An Introduction to Ancient Egypt

Part 3: A Government of One

Ancient Egypt had a king, who was the only member of government. He did not really have advisers, and the Egyptian people certainly didn't vote or elect their king. The first true king of Egypt was Narmer (sometimes called Menes), who united Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt in 2920 B.C. He was the first king of the First Dynasty. This was the beginning of the Old Kingdom.

Kings were generals who seized power or children of kings. Narmer was a general. King Tut was a child of a king.

Egypt had many kings after Narmer. After awhile, they began calling themselves pharaohs. They also believed that they were children of the gods.

The pharaoh was in charge of every part of life for everyone. Some people were rich, many were poor, and many were slaves. Some were priests, and some were businesspeople. They all did what the pharaoh told them to do.

And when the pharaoh told his people to build a giant building as his tomb, they did so. These were the Pyramids.

Next page > Pyramids of Power > Page 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Graphics courtesy of ArtToday

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