The Roman civilization was full of famous people, places, and things. One of the giants of the ancient civilizations was Rome: the city, the republic, the empire, and much more.

Among the more well-known ancient Romans were Julius Caesar, Augustus (right), Pompey, Nero, Caligula.

An elaborate slave class powered the might of Rome, and perhaps no slave was more famous than Spartacus, who led a large-scale revolt in the year 73.

Rome had many enemies. Among the most well-known were Hannibal, Atilla the Hun, Alaric the Visigoth, the Etruscans, the Samnites, and the Parthians. It was the Roman legion that won the wars and kept the peace for a great many years. Rome also suffered through years of internal strife.

Roman aqueduct bridge Pantheon Roman road

The Romans were great builders, of roads, aqueducts, baths, and temples. They built a system of laws that formed the basis for many a legal system to follow.

Bacon's Rebellion
Bacon's Rebellion march Bacon's Rebellion was a late 17th-Century insurrection against colonial rule in Virginia. It turned especially violent before things were ironed out. English settlers had first arrived to settle permanently in 1607, at Jamestown. As more English settlers arrived in the Virginia Colony and others along the Eastern Seaboard, more and more people set out westward, to explore and settle new lands. Invariably, these explorers and settlers came into conflict with Native Americans, who had been living on the continent for many generations. Many English settlers that they, not Native Americans, deserved the right to own and live on the land. The colonists at first fixed blame on the Native Americans living in the area. Relations between the English colonists and the neighboring Native American tribes had been at times cordial and at other times hostile. Things began to worsen in July 1675. Nathaniel Bacon, a plantation owner found a number of like-minded fellow colonists and formed a group of protesters against the colonial governor's actions. Bacon and his followers issued the Declaration of the People of Virginia on July 30, 1676.

The House of Burgesses
The first legislature anywhere in the English colonies in America was in Virginia. This was the House of Burgesses, and it first met on July 30, 1619, at a church in Jamestown. Its first order of business was to set a minimum price for the sale of tobacco. Although the first session was cut short because of an outbreak of malaria, the House of Burgesses soon became a symbol of representative government. The 22 members of the House of Burgesses were elected by the colony as a whole, or actually men over 17 who also owned land. Royally appointed councillors (of which there were usually six) and governor rounded out the legislature. The governor was originally appointed by the Virginia Colony and later by the Crown.

The Whiskey Rebellion
A series of protests against a tax on whiskey led to an armed uprising in the western U.S. in the 1790s. About 7,000 gathered on Aug. 1, 1794, to form a united front. President George Washington ordered the protesters to stop their low-level insurrection and was rebuffed. He then formed a peace commission to meet with the protesters. Pennsylvania Senator James Ross and Supreme Court justice Jasper Yeates met with the protesters for a few days in late August and late September. Negotiations did not produce an agreement. Eventually, Washington called out the federal militia.

Why Is It?

Why Is It That Jeans Are Blue? Jeans
Jeans are commonplace for many generations of people today–in America, especially, but also in many other countries. Jeans come in many colors these days, but the most common color is the original, blue. Why?

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Significant Sevens are the highest, the lowest, the deepest, the farthest, the oldest, the youngest, and a host of other lists in economics, geography, history, and much more.

Cultural Icons are the instantly recognizable monuments, landforms, buildings, and many other kinds of landmarks that define a people, place, or culture.


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Social Studies for Kids
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David White