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Xerxes

 Related Terms

• Persia
• 
Persian Wars
• 
Marathon
• 
Plataea
• 
Salamis
• 
Thermopylae
• 
Cyrus
• 
Darius

 

Definition: Persian emperor who was a successor to Cyrus and Darius. Consumed with desire to conquer Greece. Commanded huge army during Persian Wars. Even though he outnumbered the Greek heavily, he still managed to lose several battles, including the famous naval battle of Salamis, which he witnessed personally.

Related Resources:
The Persian Wars: Greece's Finest Hours
Get down to basics with this easy-to-read article describing the Greeks' mighty struggles against the mighty Persians. Includes maps and timeline, as well as interactive windows describing each of the four important battles.

Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
More about Xerxes
See how this great ruler rose to prominence and then fell to defeat.

Essays on the Persian Wars
These essays give you the before, during, and after of the wars.

Timeline of Ancient Persia
Put events in perspective by knowing their dates.

Maps of the Persian Empire
See the rise and fall of a great ancient empire.

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