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Sparta

 Related Terms

• Lycurgus
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Helots
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Athens
• 
Thebes
• 
Delphi
• 
Miletus
• 
Olympia
• 
Syracuse
• 
Persia
• 
Xerxes
• 
Persian Wars
• 
Peloponnesian War
• 
Hellenism
• 
Herodotus
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Thucydides
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Macedonia
• 
Philip
• 
Alexander the Great

 

Definition: Most militaristic of all ancient Greek city-states. Focus was constantly on war as an outgrowth of the city-state. Boys were expected to be trained as soldiers; girls were expected to grow up and bear children who grew up to be soldiers. To make sure that the army got as many Spartan soldiers as it needed, Sparta depended on slaves and helots (people from a nearby settlement who were forced to work) to do manual labor. Of course, helots populated the army as well.

Related Resources:
Athens and Sparta: Similar Yet Different
The ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta were similar in several important ways and different in several important ways. This illustrated article explores both.

The Persian Wars: Greece's Finest Hours
Get down to basics with this easy-to-read article describing the Greeks' mighty struggles against the mighty Persians. Includes maps and timeline, as well as interactive windows describing each of the four important battles.

Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Sparta's System of Government
Sparta had a constitution, too. Find out how it was different from that of Athens.

Early Sparta
See how the mighty war machine began as a quite ordinary settlement.

Sparta Timeline Compared to Rest of Greece
Extremely helpful resource puts Spartan events in perspective as compared to rest of ancient Greece.

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