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Punic Wars

 Related Terms

• Carthage
• 
Hamilcar Barca
• 
Hannibal
• 
Roman Republic
• 
Alps
• 
Trebia River
• 
Lake Trasimene
• 
Cannae
• 
Zama

 

Definition: Series of three wars between Rome and Carthage that resulted in the utter destruction of Carthage. The First Punic War was fought over colonization rights in the Mediterranean. The Carthaginian commander was Hamilcar Barca, whose son Hannibal took up the cause in the Second Punic War. Hannibal crossed the Alps and invaded Italy. He won several amazing victories, including ones at Trebia River, Lake Trasimene, and Cannae; but he was defeated in the end at Zama. Many years later, Rome provoked an attack by Carthage, igniting the Third Punic War. Rome was vicious in victory, burning Carthage to the ground and sowing salt into the ground.

Related Resources:
About the Punic Wars
Start here in your study of these famous, important wars.

Battles of the Punic Wars
Comprehensive site examines many famous and not-so-famous battles.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Punic Wars
Good overview of the wars.

Interactive Map of the Second Punic War
Watch the map change to see how the war progressed.

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