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• Byblos


Definition: Ancient people who ruled the Mediterranean area for a time. They occupied land as well, specifically the eastern Mediterranean coast, including Canaan. The Phoenicians built ships and sailed across the Mediterranean, establishing colonies throughout the area. The most famous of these colonies were Byblos, Tyre, Sidon, and Carthage. The Phoenicians are credited with developing the first alphabet. They developed ships that sail out to sea and so could sail across the Mediterranean to Sicily and Sardinia. They are thought to have been the first people to develop blown glass. Their business practices are legendary and are the foundation of Greek and Roman trade.

Related Resources:
The Ancient Middle East
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Phoenicians
Learn more about this ancient people, the source of so much history.

Still More on the Phoenicians
Learn even more details about the ancient mariners.

Map of the Phoenician "Empire"
See how far the Phoenician influence reached.

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