Definition: Series of
wars fought between Persia and Greece. The conflict began
when Persia occupied some Greek colonies in Asia Minor.
Greece responded by defending the colonies; and Persia,
commanded by Emperor Xerxes himself, responded by attacking
Greece. The battles were fought on land and at sea. The
battles of Marathon and Thermopylae are famous for the
Greeks' heroism against overwhelming odds. The naval battle
of Salamis almost wiped out the Persian fleet. The battle of
Plataea was the final defeat. The Greek victories kept in
check the growing Persian Empire. After the wars, Persia
continued to meddle in Greek affairs. The answer came in the
form of a reverse invasion, planned by Philip of Macedonia
and carried out by his son, Alexander.
Persian Wars: Greece's Finest
Get down to basics with this easy-to-read article describing
the Greeks' mighty struggles against the mighty Persians.
Includes maps and timeline, as well as interactive windows
describing each of the four important battles.
Learn more about the area as a whole.
on the Web:
about the Persian Wars
More details on the epic war.
on the Persian Wars
These essays give you the before, during, and after of the
Dates are always helpful in understanding wars.
of the Persian Empire
See the rise and fall of a great ancient empire.
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