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Persian Wars
Alexander the Great


Definition: Empire forged by Cyrus by conquering his neighbors, including the Lydians, Parthians, and Medes. At one point, the Empire stretched from the Aegean Sea in the west to India in the east. This empire routinely had the largest army in the world. Cyrus was succeeded by emperors who wanted to conquer Greece, among them Xerxes and Darius. Persia's conquering of some Greek colonies on the Ionian Sea prompted the Persian Wars, a series of conflicts that were all won by Greece. Alexander the Great defeated the emperor Darius and assumed command of the Persian Empire. After Alexander's death, the Persian part of his empire became the Seleucid Empire.

Related Resources:
Timeline of Ancient Persia
Put events in perspective by knowing their dates.

Maps of the Persian Empire
See the rise and fall of a great ancient empire.

The Ancient Middle East
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Persian Empire in Brief
Students just like you put together this outline of the Persian era.

Articles on Ancient Persia
Fascinating reading on a variety of subjects, all focusing on Persia in ancient times.

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