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Marathon

 Related Terms

• Xerxes
• 
Persia
• 
Persian Wars
• 
Athens
• 
Plataea
• 
Salamis
• 
Thermopylae

 

Definition: Land battle that was a heroic stand by Athenians that fought off an overwhelming Persian advance. On the plains of Marathon, 3,000 Greeks outfought 10,000 Persians, mainly because the Greeks suddenly charged the Persian lines, scattering the invaders and making them take flight.

Related Resources:
The Persian Wars: Greece's Finest Hours
Get down to basics with this easy-to-read article describing the Greeks' mighty struggles against the mighty Persians. Includes maps and timeline, as well as interactive windows describing each of the four important battles.

Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Map of the Battle
Trace the development of the historic battle.

All about the Battle
This account, from the modern Greek army, tells you all you need to know.

Essays on the Persian Wars
These essays give you the before, during, and after of the wars.

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