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Granicus

 Related Terms

• Alexander the Great
• 
Macedonia
• 
Persia
• 
Babylon
• 
Darius
• 
Hellenism
• 
Alexandria
• 
Phalanx
• 
Gaugamela
• 
Issus
• 
Tyre

 

Definition: First great battle between the Macedonians and the Persians. It was soon after Alexander crossed the Hellespont into Persian territory. The battle began with a river crossing. Alexander's men crossed the Granicus River, taking only light casualties, then routed the larger Persian army. Alexander had more infantry but less cavalry. He managed to even the odds with a quick cavalry strike and an infantry mop-up operation. This is also the battle in which Alexander is said to have taken a javelin thrust straight through his breastplate, pulled out the spear, and rode on at the enemy. Macedonian ferocity and discipline won out over greater numbers, and Alexander could continue his march toward destiny.

Related Resources:
Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Student Report on Granicus
Students just like you wrote this as part of their History Day project.

Biography of Alexander
See the ruins of the once great thinking place!

Alexanderama
The largest list of Alexander links on the planet!

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