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• Carthage
Roman Republic


Definition: People who inhabited Italy before the Romans did. They got their name from the region where they lived, Etruria. Allies of Carthage, the Etruscans were enemies of the Greeks who had set up colonies in southern Italy. This rivalry led to massive Etruscan defeat at the Battle of Cuma in 474. At one time, the Etruscans had conquered Rome. The Romans eventually conquered the Etruscans but also borrowed a number of customs from them.

Related Resources:
Ancient Rome
Learn more about the fascinating story of Rome.

Elsewhere on the Web:
A Brief Description of Etruscan Culture
Just what it says.

The Etruscans
Well-rounded survey of life as an Etruscan, in English and Italian. Nicely illustrated, too.

The Etruscans: Art and History
Etruscan art is a good example of how studying the past can reveal a lot about a group of people.

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