Definition: One of three
Persian emperors. The first was known as Darius the Great.
He it was who invaded Greece in the first Persian War. The
Greek victory at Marathon ended his hopes of a quick
victory. Darius II played a part in the defeat of Athens in
the Peloponnesian War by aiding Sparta both openly and
secretly. Darius III is the one who was defeated and
conquered by Alexander the Great.
Learn more about the area as a whole.
Empire of Darius map (large)
on the Web:
See how the first Darius made his name Great.
This Darius made a name for himself in a different
The third and last Darius had his empire taken away from him
even though he had more men, more food, and more
of the Persian Empire
See the rise and fall of a great ancient empire.
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