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• Persia
Persian Wars
Alexander the Great
Peloponnesian War


Definition: One of three Persian emperors. The first was known as Darius the Great. He it was who invaded Greece in the first Persian War. The Greek victory at Marathon ended his hopes of a quick victory. Darius II played a part in the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War by aiding Sparta both openly and secretly. Darius III is the one who was defeated and conquered by Alexander the Great.

Related Resources:
Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Empire of Darius map (large)

Elsewhere on the Web:
Darius I
See how the first Darius made his name Great.

Darius II
This Darius made a name for himself in a different way.

Darius III
The third and last Darius had his empire taken away from him even though he had more men, more food, and more experience.

Maps of the Persian Empire
See the rise and fall of a great ancient empire.

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