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Athens

 Related Terms

• Pericles
• 
Demosthenes
• 
Socrates
• 
Plato
• 
Aristotle
• 
Academy
• 
Democracy
• 
Festival
• 
Ostracism
• 
Acropolis
• 
Sparta
• 
Thebes
• 
Delphi
• 
Miletus
• 
Olympia
• 
Syracuse
• 
Persia
• 
Xerxes
• 
Persian Wars
• 
Peloponnesian War
• 
Hellenism
• 
Herodotus
• 
Thucydides
• 
Macedonia
• 
Philip
• 
Alexander the Great

 

Definition: Most famous of all the city-states of ancient Greece. Birthplace of democracy and, at the same time, home to several tyrants. Home to great philosophers and the Academy. Home to the Festival, an annual dramatic showcase. Home to giant fleet, which helped defeat Persia. Rivalry with Sparta led to Peloponnesian War, which ended in a Spartan victory. Athens was home to the great philosopher Socrates. His pupil Plato founded his Academy near Athens, and Plato's pupil Aristotle founded his Lyceum nearby as well. Athens was also home to historians, scientists, mathematicians, and other great thinkers.

Related Resources:
Athens and Sparta: Similar Yet Different
The ancient city-states of Athens and Sparta were similar in several important ways and different in several important ways. This illustrated article explores both.

The Persian Wars: Greece's Finest Hours
Get down to basics with this easy-to-read article describing the Greeks' mighty struggles against the mighty Persians. Includes maps and timeline, as well as interactive windows describing each of the four important battles.

Ancient Greece
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Ancient City of Athens
See the ruins of the once great cultural center.

The Rise of the Greek Polis
Students just like you wrote this summary of how the Greek polis, or city-state, came to be.

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