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• Ashurbanipal
Euphrates River
Tigris River


Definition: People who originated in the northern Tigris River valley, in the Armenian Mountains. They later conquered much of Mesopotamia, as well as Phoenicia and Egypt. The Assyrians brought to their people great advances in civilization, including several firsts:

  • keys and locks
  • plumbing and flush toilets
  • paved roads
  • central government, with territorial governors

The Assyrian Empire lasted from about 1350 B.C. to 612 B.C., when rival armies destroyed Nineveh, the Assyrian capital.

Related Resources:
The Ancient Middle East
Learn more about the area as a whole.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Assyria: The Big Picture
This site focuses on the Assyrians and their place in history.

Ashurbanipal: Great Assyrian King
Read all about the last great Assyrian King and his famous library.

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