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Definition: Name of four pharaohs during the 18th Dynasty. The most famous was Amenhotep IV, who became Akhenaten, the famous reformer pharaoh who married Nefertiti. Amenhotep I was the first pharaoh to build his tomb separate from the temple. Akhenaten, who renamed himself that to show that he was a follower of Aten (the sun god), broke with traditional religious practices and declared that the people should worship Aten. Up to that time, Egyptian people had worshiped several gods. Akhenaten said that they should worship only one god, Aten. Akhenaten also moved the Egyptian capital from Thebes to El-Amarna.

Related Resources:
Ancient Egypt
Find out more about the Land of the Nile.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Amenhotep I
Read more about the son of Ahmose

Amenhotep II
Read about his military and building successes

Amenhotep III
A peaceful ruler who did much building

Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten)
Read the story of the religious revolution

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