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Vicksburg

 Related Terms

• Civil War
• 
Ulysses S. Grant

Definition: Dazzling victory by General Ulysses Grant despite the presence of daunting Confederate gun batteries on the walls surrounding the city overlooking the Mississippi River. Grant tried five different plants (including diverting the Mississippi River itself) before he found one that worked. It was the simplest but riskiest of all: run the gantlet of Confederate gun batteries and land on the eastern shore of the Mississippi right below Vicksburg. From there, Grant set up trenches and settled in for a siege, which proved most effective. In one of the quirks of history, Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, commanding the troops in Vicksburg, surrendered to Grant at almost the same time that General George Pickett was leading his disastrous charge into the Union batteries on Cemetery Ridge.

Related Resources:
The Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror. Start here.

Vicksburg Siege Map
Also available in large format

Vicksburg Campaign Map (large)

Elsewhere on the Web:
Battle of Vicksburg
Find out more about this historic battle.

The Campaign for Vicksburg
See how it developed, how it progressed, and what it all meant.

Battle of Vicksburg: The Key to Victory
Analysis written for the U.S. Army site.

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