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Horatio Gates

 Related Terms

• French and Indian War
• 
George Washington
• 
American Revolution
• 
Fort Ticonderoga
• 
Saratoga
• 
Camden
• 
Nathanael Greene

 

Definition: American general who fought in the French and Indian War and then was, at different times, commander of both the Northern Army of the U.S. and the Southern Army of the U.S. He was the commanding officer of the American force that retreated from the recaptured Fort Ticonderoga, and he was in command at the pivotal Battle of Saratoga. This success, coupled with George Washington's recent failures, prompted a movement to replace Washington with Gates as commander-in-chief. Washington, however, stayed on. Gates retired to his farm in 1789 but was called back a year later and given the command of the Southern Army. The defeat at Camden proved disastrous, and Gates was replaced by Nathanael Greene.

Related Resources:
The American Revolutionary War
This fun, illustrated article tells you all you need to know about this famous war, from an easy-to-understand point of view.

Elsewhere on the Web:
More on Horatio Gates
Read more on this American general who won the Battle of Saratoga but lost the Battle of Camden.

Still More on Horatio Gates
Go behind the battles and intrigue to discover who Gates really was.

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