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Who/What/Where/When

 

Gold Rush

 Related Terms

• Sutter's Mill
• 
California Trail

 

Definition: Huge immigration west after the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill in California in 1848. California's population grew from nearly 14,000 in 1848 to almost 100,000 in 1850. Ten years later, the population was 380,000. People from all walks of life came to California, seeking their fortune. The exhaustion of the supply of gold dust forced gold-seekers to dig deep mines in search of the precious metal. The Gold Rush is famous also for encouraging the construction of wagon roads and railroads west. Another development was the great success of farmers, merchants, and others who sold goods and services to the gold-seekers.

Related Resources:
The Westward Movement
Find out more about Americans' travels west.

The 19th Century
Get a glimpse of what life was like in the exciting 1800s.

Elsewhere on the Web:
California's Gold Rush Country
Maps and stories give you a good overview of the area known as Gold Rush Country.

Gold Rush Timeline
Follow the events as they happen on this helpful timeline.

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