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Gadsden Purchase

 Related Terms

• Louisiana Purchase
• 
Mexican War
• 
Mexican Cession

 

Definition: 1853 agreement to buy a strip of land in what is now the southern United States so that a railroad line could be built to the Gulf of California. James Gadsden was the U.S. Minister to Mexico and the man responsible for the deal. This was only five years after the end of the Mexican War and the delivery of the Mexican Cession. He agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for 45,535 square miles of territory that was almost as big as Pennsylvania. (By contrast, the Louisiana Purchase 828,000 and cost $15 million.)

Related Resources:
The 19th Century
Get a glimpse of what life was like in the exciting 1800s.

Elsewhere on the Web:
More on the Gadsden Purchase
Get more facts and figures on this famous real estate deal.

Text of the Gadsden Purchase Treaty
Learn more about the state of affairs at the time between Mexico and America.

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