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Quebec

 Related Terms

• Fort Necessity
• 
Fort Duquesne
• 
Fort Frontenac
• 
Fort Crown Point
• 
Fort Niagra
• 
Fort Ticonderoga
• 
Fort William Henry
• 
Louisbourg
• 
James Wolfe
• 
Marquis de Montcalm

 

Definition: Epic, heroic battle pitting British General James Wolfe against French general Marquis de Montcalm that just about ended French occupation of Canada. Quebec itself was a natural fortress, a large city built on high bluffs, with steep cliffs stretching for miles on either side of the city. No real path led from the St. Lawrence River bay up to the heights. But an eagle-eyed British scout had discovered an overgrown path that led up the cliffs and to a lightly defended part of the French lines. Under cover of darkness, thousands of troops slipped up the path and past the French sentries to the Plains of Abraham, a wide open space outside the city of Quebec. When French troops awakened the next morning, they found line after line of infantry of British troops waiting for them. The battle raged for days and finally ended with the French surrender on September 12, 1759. Both Wolfe and Montcalm died soon after from injuries sustained in the battle.

Related Resources:
The French and Indian War
Read about the war, its battles, its origins, and its aftermath.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Fall of Quebec
Trace the epic battle from beginning to end.

The Battle of Quebec
Students just like you wrote this account of the battle.

A Soldier's Account of the Battle of Quebec
Read about the famous battle in the words of someone who fought it.

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