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Peninsular Campaign

 Related Terms

• George McClellan
Hampton Roads
Abraham Lincoln
• Edwin Stanton
• Stonewall Jackson
• Robert E. Lee
• Battle of the 7 Days
• J.E.B. Stuart

Definition: General George McClellan's plan to advance on Richmond, the Confederate capital, by going to Fort Monroe, near Hampton Roads, Virginia, by steamboat and advance northward along the James River. This plan was in direct contradiction to what Lincoln and Secretary of War Edwin Stanton wanted: a Union army to protect Washington, D.C., in case of a Confederate strike. Still, McClellan got his way and set off in March, 1862, with 100,000 men. In just two months, he was six miles from Richmond. But Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign, J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry raid, and Robert E. Lee's Battle of the Seven Days convinced McClellan that he could not conceivably take Richmond and that his best course of action was to retreat.

Related Resources:
The Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror. Start here.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Peninsular Campaign
All about McClellan's plan, including details, maps, and much more.

The Peninsular Campaign photos
Modern photos of the geographic highlights of the Campaign.

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