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Marquis de Montcalm

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• Fort Ticonderoga
Fort William Henry
James Wolfe


Definition: French commander in charge of all French troops in Canada. He was the architect of the "fort strategy," by which French forts were built at key spots all across Canada to protect French interests there. He was the commander at the Battle of Fort William Henry and personally tried to stop the massacre that followed. He won several small battles, but his greatest success was in the taking of Fort Ticonderoga in July 1758. The war took a decidedly Britain turn after that. British victories at Crown Point and Loiusbourg left the St. Lawrence River open to attack, and Montcalm retreat to Montreal and then Quebec. He lost his prestige and his life at the Battle of Quebec. Without his leadership and with British troops advancing from all sides, France surrendered all of Canada at Montreal on September 8, 1760.

Related Resources:
The French and Indian War
Read about the war, its battles, its origins, and its aftermath.

Colonial America
The backdrop to the story.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Biography of Montcalm
Read the story of the man who led French troops during the war.

More on Montcalm
Find out more about this important French general.

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