Homestead Act of 1862
Passed by Congress in May, 1862. The act gave anyone over 21, head of a family and a U.S. citizen the right to claim 160 acres of public land provided he live on and improve the land or pay $1.25 per acre. The territory available was in western states recently admitted to the Union. This act set off a large movement westward.
The Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror. Start here.
Elsewhere on the Web:
The Homestead Act
Learn more about the Act that began the famous land-settlement bonanza.
Text of the Homestead Act
Read for yourself the famous words.