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Fort William Henry

 Related Terms

• Fort Necessity
• 
Fort Duquesne
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Fort Frontenac
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Fort Crown Point
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Fort Niagra
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Fort Ticonderoga
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Louisbourg
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Quebec
• 
Marquis de Montcalm

 

Definition: English fort seized and destroyed by the French in July 1757. The fort was at the southern end of Lake Champlain, a battleground during the war. The fort was important because it gave the holder command of the Hudson River and northern New York. It also protected the two other Lake Champlain forts, St. Frederic and Ticonderoga. The French under the Marquis de Montcalm overwhelmed the British and forced a surrender. The terms of the surrender were that the British could leave peacefully. Native Americans who fought with the French killed many retreating British, including the sick and wounded, before they were stopped. Despite this victory, however, France had a difficult time gaining the upper hand in the war.

Related Resources:
About Fort William Henry
Read more about this important New York fort.

The French and Indian War
Read about the war, its battles, its origins, and its aftermath.

Elsewhere on the Web:
The Massacre at Fort William Henry
See just how bad it really was.

Firsthand Accounts of the Attack on the Fort
Read for yourself the story of two different assaults on the Fort.

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