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Battle of Detroit

 Related Terms

• War of 1812
William Hull
Isaac Brock


Definition: Not really much of a battle. American troops under General William Hull crossed from Fort Detroit into Canada and demanded the surrender of the Canadian and British troops there. (Among these troops was the Shawnee leader Tecumseh). Even though Hull had a much larger force (2,500 to about 500), the Canadian-British-Native American forces refused to surrender. While Hull waited, they got a large number of reinforcements and seized some key spots, including Fort Mackinac. Hull retreated to his fort and waited some more. Eventually, the massing of Native Americans and British troops proved too much for Hull. Even though he still had his enemies outnumbered (although he thought they outnumbered him), Hull surrendered his forces and Fort Detroit without a shot's being fired. The surrender made a hero out of British General Isaac Brock and a villain out of American General William Hull, who was ordered to be executed but later pardoned by President James Madison.

Related Resources:
The War of 1812
Find out more about the second war between the United States and Great Britain.

Elsewhere on the Web:
More on the Battle of Detroit
Find out more about this embarrassing American defeat.

The Fall of Fort Detroit
See just how bad this "battle" really was.

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