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• Civil War
George McClellan
Robert E. Lee
Stonewall Jackson
Harpers Ferry

Definition: Creek that was the site of the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day of the Civil War. More than 23,000 men lost their lives on Sept. 17. General George McClellan had moved to intercept a Southern advance into Maryland. After being shown a copy of General Lee's to his commanders, McClellan, who was north, moved to intercept. His move was not quick enough to catch Lee by himself, though. Stonewall Jackson, recently returned from a victory at Harpers Ferry, joined Lee for the savage battle outside the town of Sharpsburg. Tactically, the battle was a draw. But the result was a Southern retreat, which gave not only the appearance of a Union in command but the opportunity for Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Related Resources:
Antietam Battle Map
Study the details of how the battle unfolded.

The Civil War
The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror. Start here.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Carnage at Antietam
An eyewitness describes the horrors of the bloody one-day battle.

The Battle of Antietam
Basic information, with links to other details.

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