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Aaron Burr

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• Democratic-Republican Party
Thomas Jefferson
Alexander Hamilton

Definition: New York Senator and Vice President whose career always seemed to be entwined with that of Alexander Hamilton, the leader of the Federalist Party. Burr served one term in the Senate, then ran for president, in 1800. He received 73 Electoral votes, the same number as Jefferson. In the House of Representatives, Hamilton spoke out so vehemently against Burr that the House elected Jefferson and Burr became vice president. He was later part of a plot to lead the New England states into secession. Hamilton exposed the plot, and Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel. Burr killed Hamilton on July 11, 1804. He was indicted for murder but never tried. He escaped and later tried to form a new republic in the Southwest; for this, he was tried for treason but found not guilty. He later went back to practicing law.

Related Resources:
The 19th Century
An overview of the time in which Burr lived.

Elsewhere on the Web:
Congressional Directory: Biography of Aaron Burr
Read about this controversial figure from the archives of the U.S. Congress

The Duel
Why did Hamilton duel with Aaron Burr? Did he really have to? Find the answers to these questions and more.


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