Egyptian Parliament Approves Harsh Anti-terrorism Law

On This Site

Current Events

Share This Page

Follow This Site

Follow SocStudies4Kids on Twitter

January 17, 2016

Among the 400 or so laws that the newly running Egyptian parliament has considered in the 15-day window granted by the country’s newest constituion is an anti-terrorism law that strengthens military oversight of protestors and journalists.

Parliament, which is back in session after a hiatus of a few years, must consider all of the hundreds of executive decrees by President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government since became the country’s leader, in 2013. The anti-terrorism law is one of the more controversial of those decrees.

The law covers a range of terrorism-related crimes, and sentencing ranges from five years to the death penalty, depending on the judged severity of the offense. As well, police and the miliary cannot be punished for using force to disperse protesters.

Journalists who contradict the government’s official version of events could face fines. The original law was even stricter, stipulating punishment of imprisonment to such journalists. The government changed the punishment to a monetary one after an international outcry.

In defending the need for the anti-terrorism law, the government has referenced a violent insurgency in North Sinai, home to a group of fighters who have thrown in their lot with the Islamic State. Egypt’s capital, Cairo, has been the target of a recent terrorist attack.

A ruling from the country’s highest court dissolved the lawmaking body in 2012, just months after elections resulted in an Islamist-dominated assembly. General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, who deposed President Mohamed Morsi on July 3, 2013, was then elected to lead the country, followed by a parliamentary election in October and November 2015 that resulted in a majority of the 568 elected members being supporters of Sisi, once the country’s top general. Another 28 members of parliament have been appointed by Sisi.

January and February 2016 will be the fifth anniversary of the Arab Spring uprising in Egypt that resulted in the end of the 30-year reign of Hosni Mubarak.

Search This Site

Custom Search

Social Studies for Kids
copyright 2002–2016
David White